state (1990 pop. 1,061,236), 4,432 sq mi (11,479 sq km), central Mexico. The city of Querétaro is the capital. With mountains in the north and valleys and plains in the south, the state raises a variety of agricultural products, especially grains. Extensive pasturelands make livestock breeding important. The state is famous for its opals; silver, iron, copper, and mercury are also mined. Although Querétaro is developing an industrialized economy, most manufacturing remains concentrated in the capital. The territory was taken from the Chichimecs by the Spanish in 1531, but colonization did not begin until 1550. Later included in the intendancy of Guanajuato, Querétaro became a separate state in 1824.
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Querétaro (formal name: Querétaro de Arteaga) is a state in central Mexico. Its capital is the city of Santiago de Querétaro although, in general parlance, the name "Querétaro" is used for both the city and the state.
Querétaro is bordered to the north by the state of San Luis Potosí, to the west by Guanajuato, to the east by Hidalgo, to the southeast by the state of México, and to the southwest by Michoacán.
Main industries: autoparts, packaged food, electronics, paper, education, tourism, poultry.
The capital city of Santiago de Querétaro is located some 200 km to the northwest of Mexico City. It is known for its Colonial Era architecture.


The state of Querétaro is subdivided into 18 municipalities